Logically, it would be more difficult to install a charging station for an electric car in a condominium than a detached house. The operation is certainly more complex, but far from being impossible. We will explain everything to you.
The obstacles to the adoption of an electric vehicle (EV) are still numerous and its recharging is often cited among them. As we know, the deployment of a fast charging network along highways and main axes is still far from being a reality. Even if the operation necessarily goes through a number of mandatory steps, the installation of an individual terminal seems much simpler and safer. It seems obvious in individual housing, but equipping as part of a condominium is not that complicated and expensive. At least in theory.
The question of new housing
Under the impetus of the Grenelle de l'Environnement in 2007, the Grenelle 2 law was promulgated on July 12, 2010, more than 10 years ago. This law intends to mark the national commitment to the environment and brings together more than a hundred articles organized into six major projects. A legislative framework as important as it is rich within which we find a text which indicates that all constructions of collective housing must now offer a number of potential charging points (with a specific current supply allowing the installation of a socket) for EV, equivalent to 10% of available parking spaces.
Clearly, if your residence has just emerged from the ground has 150 parking spaces, 15 recharging spaces must be accessible. Details and arrangements appeared in a decree published in early 2017. It is thus written that the entire parking area must benefit from a specialized electrical circuit and that 50% of the spaces must be pre-wired when there is less. 40 parking spaces - 75% beyond. The nominal power imposed has increased to 7,4 kW against 4 kW previously. In fact, we have found that this is not always the case. Be vigilant, and when handing over the keys, if you are the first occupant of a new program, do not hesitate to ask the promoter.
Will each parking space one day have its charging socket?
In older accommodations
There is little chance that your parking space or box will be equipped with a wallbox. Some do not hesitate to discreetly plug into the electrical outlets placed in the common areas. However, the deception does not usually last very long with the bills climbing quickly, and of course it is perfectly illegal.
To encourage the development of EVs, decree n ° 2011-873 of July 25, 2011, which entered into force in November 2014, established a “right to take” modeled on the one to the TV antenna. This text explains that everyone must have the right to install (at their own expense) a charging socket for an EV in their parking space. Unique condition, the parking must be closed and covered.
This first text has just been updated by a decree published on December 29, 1 for application on January 2021, 2020. It is decree n ° 1720-XNUMX. Before going any further, let us point out from the outset that it now concerns all parking spaces for private use, therefore including an outdoor space.
The presence of a terminal in the condominium provides real comfort of use.
If you are a tenant, you must indicate your wish to install a charging point to your landlord, with a copy for the property manager, by registered letter with acknowledgment of receipt. If you are an owner, you will have to send the mail directly to the trustee. With the missive, you will also have to attach the estimate you have chosen - it is always better to make several quotes -, as well as the precise diagram of the future installation. Of course, the estimate must be established by a professional approved for this type of work. This installation should make it possible to calculate the electricity consumption of each terminal in order to bill it to the resident user. The choice of the wallbox will depend on your needs and the vehicle. Again, refer to our file How and at what price to charge an electric car at home?
The co-ownership, through its trustee, will then have three months to indicate its opposition to the installation work of a charging point requested individually. The law specifies that the ground for refusal must be "serious and legitimate". This leaves some room for interpretation by the judge. Previously, there were three valid reasons for refusal: the existence of a collective recharging device in the condominium, the stated desire to equip the car park with such a device; finally, the endangerment of the co-ownership. The latter case requires referral to the District Court. Will it be the same with this new decree? If you have no news after this three-month period, you can start the work. You must then request the signing of an agreement between all the parties concerned: you, the owner (if you are a tenant) and the trustee. This agreement makes it possible to lay down in black and white the conditions for the installation, management and maintenance of the new infrastructure.
They are many and varied, some national and others regional, departmental or local, not to mention our political staff with changing ideas. The installer of your charging station is undoubtedly aware of all the advantages of installing a charging station, so don't hesitate to talk to him about it.
Here are the most famous aids, which can also be combined.
Cite (Tax credit for energy transition)
Le Cite entitles you to a tax credit of € 300 linked to the installation of a charging station. Note that the work carried out within the framework of the Cite also benefits from a reduced VAT rate of 5,5%.
It is particularly interesting, because if you install an individual socket, it will correspond to 50% of the installation costs up to the limit of 600 €. If your condominium has opted for a collective solution, the maximum amount rises to € 1. In addition, if it is a real collective infrastructure, the aid (still within the limit of 300%) increases to € 50 for up to 4 places. The subsidy increases by € 000 per additional place up to a limit of € 50.
City of Paris
The City Council of the Spanish capital is very committed to the energy transition. It thus decided to help the trustees and social landlords to carry out electrical pre-equipment work in their car parks. This aid corresponds to 50% of the amount excluding tax of the works, up to a limit of € 4. A second aid concerns the installation of charging stations shared between residents and visitors. Still capped at 000% of the amount (excluding VAT) of the work, it is € 50 per charging point with a maximum of four terminals.
If you are not a Parisian, many local authorities offer assistance of this type. This is the case, for example, in the Normandy and Grand-Est regions.